Simulation of a flight
from Hiva Oa island to
Atuona 08/03/2006 06:25
Quietly parked in front of the gasoline pump,
“Jojo” waits for her big breakfast, filling up with
enough energy to fly to Tahiti., 775 Nm (nautiques milles) away, or a 4 hrs and 18 min flihgt.
We will successively fly over the Takaroa atoll (2:30 hrs), Kaukura (43 min) then,
we will see
I prepare to fill the second tank, the doctor’s car approaches bring a me a gracious local lady who must go to the
I can feel that my passenger, despite the fact that she has heard about such a trip by all thos who have made it with Jacques, is a little stressed; at 65 it’s her first fly. I push Jojo off the refueling area and take the lady with me to perform the preflight visit. I explain her the major aircraft elements to grow more confidence, then, the doctor and I install her in one of the back seats. Her son, who will fly with us, will be seating on the front seat and will take care of her if needs be; she did not want to use the earphones but we convinced her that she needed it to communicate.
A last handshake with the doctor and I latch the rear compartment door. I get on my set, install my “co-pilot” and check the front door latch. I turn the Mains switch on, check the electrical parameters, fuel pumps on, full rich, one inch throttle, no one around…….. ignition, start left engine, right one, check engines parameters, suction pump. I tune the radio to the local traffic frequency (122.9). Although I am the only running aircraft on the field, and no incoming traffic is announced, I give my position and intentions: « Foxtrot Oscar Delta Bravo Uniform at November Tango Mike November taxi to runway Two Zero » .
We now taxi to the holding point where we have to proceed thru the takeoff checklist, I set the elevator trim to TO, announce to the possible traffic I am ready to take off and, despite the radio silence, check visually that there is no incoming aircraft in final. I drive Jojo in line with the runway center markings, put my right hand on the throttle levers and push them full forward. The two Lycoming’s run up to 3400 rpm in the roar of their 295 Hp (each); our spines are squeezed against our seats. I keep a slight pressure forward on the yoke until the airspeed indicator reaches 80 Knots, as I release the pressure on the yoke, Jojo raises her nose, I let her do and suddenly, the wheels vibrations and noise stop, it is 07:22, we are airborne.
I move the landing gear lever up, three snaps and three green lights on the dashboard confirm the gear is up and locked. As we reach 600 ft, I switvh the fuel pumps off and set engines and elevator trim to obtain the proper climb rate : 3100 rpm, airspeed 120 kts, vertical speed 1400 ft/min.
Then I set the autopilot parameters:
heading 220, 8500 ft (FL080), and push the switch on. Jojo
raises her left wing a bit and the compass turns right to the selected heading.
At 07:30, we reach our cruise level; Jojo lowers her
nose to stabilize on horizontal flight, I reduce the engines rpm to 2500 using
the propeller pitch levers and I let the indicated airspeed (IAS) increase to 145 kts which, at that level gives a true
airspeed (TAS) of 165 kts; Add the influence of a 13 kts backwind from hdg 049, our groundspeed (GS) is ….178 kts, the heading
requires a “one” degree correction, I set the AP (autopilot) to hdg 221. As I described the “climb” phase, I called
Thanks to the technologies progress,
today I have a wonderful navigation aid Jacques did not even imagine in the 70’s : a GPS on which I have programmed our route. I clip
that instrument on the yoke to be able to track our position to the ideal route.
However, I, order to be as much as possible in the same situation as in Brel’s years, I will use the conventional radionav (ADF/VOR)
until I feel I get lost. On that first leg, the ADF is set on the Atuona marker
frequency (383 Khz) and I
have to keep it straight behind me on heading 040 since I am heading 220. A quick check of engines pressures and temps
and we are set for a little less than 3 hours. Below us, water, above, a pure
blue sky; I turn myself towards my passengers to make sure they are comfortable, the lady says that she was holding her seat
during takeoff and was a little bit scared when I took my hands off the yoke. I
tell her about the AP : she feels better; then we talk
about the life in
07:49, we are 75 Nm away from Atuona and we just lost the ADF signal. The next one, Takaputo is some 400 Nm ahead, we are going to fly completely blind for more than 2 hours but since we have not deviated from our route so far, I keep the same navigation settings; in case of emergency, the GPS will keep us out of trouble. Nevertheless, I set the ADF receiver to the next marker frequency in order to catch it as soon as we enter its range. A few clouds show up ahead, if turbulences are too strong, I will descend 500
Apart from a regular check of the instruments panel, I keep busy recalculating our navigation; it’s 08:08, we have flown for 46 min at a 178 Kts ground speed, whe therefore are 100 Nm away and 321 are left (or 1/48 hrs) to reach Takaroa, it will be 09:56. A quick look at the GPS validates my calculation by one minute
09:13, RAS, another look at the GPS shows no track deviation..
09:33, We’ve just caught the Takaputo marker, it’s straight ahead. According to my calculations, Takaroa is 60 Nm ahead and appears on the vanishing line. As a confirmation, the VOR I had set on Rangiroa wakes up, the indicator shows it’s on our 2 o’clock (200° to the right) but too far away to be visible.
I perfectly see the Takaroa atoll, the airfield must be 1500 ft on the left of
our route. I turn the AP off to fly Jojo straight
above the runway which happens at ….. 09:55. Wonderful ! I set the PA heading to 224 and swith it back on to
10:03, far ahead on our right; the Manihi atoll and 6 minutes later, Atapaki breaks the horizon.
we are in the center of the Tuamotu archipelago, surrounded by atolls; Atamphi is behind us, Arutua on the right, Toau on the left
and Kaukura ahead, in the rear compartment, my passenger can’t believe it, she
moves from one seat to the other to record every bit of the scenery then, at
10:33 Kaukura fades out under the right engine; we have no more visual contact,
we are blind again. Fortunately, a few
minutes ago I have tuned the VOR receiver on
10:59, far ahead, lightning’s come of a group of cumulonimbus (thunderstorm clouds) I ask permission to climb to 11500 ft (FL115) to overfly them and set the AP to climb to that new level with a vertical speed (VS) of 1400 ft/min . Even with full power, it’s too much for Jojo and the airspeed falls; I reduce the VS to 1000 ft/min and the airspeed stabilizes to 120 Kts. Arriving at 11500 Ft, I am still too low and continue to FL145..
At that level, we surf between two
majestic rows of cunimb’s with their anvil shaped
tops about 10000 ft above us threatening to break our small machine apart with
their internal turbulences. From time to time, a lightning illuminates our
cockpit, my passengers are not really confident despite my relaxed face. As we
were climbing, we have beeen integrated into
11:21, ATC requests two heading change to confirm my identification on the radar monitor and finally clears me to HDG 215.
11:34, I have just turned to hdg 240 to go around a big cloud when ATC instructs me to go 250; parapsychology
11:38, the clouds are sparser and I can
11:44, we leave Faaa airport on the right and descend through a compact layer of cumulus, I have to recognize that if I was not 100% confident with the ATC, I would fear coming so close to the mountain. We are above the see again (wet feet) at 6400 ft
11:51, turning to 310, then 345, down to 3000 ft , mixture full rich, speed 120 kts, flaps 5°, I have just been through these preparation steps when I receive instructions to get to the ILS entry point. At 11:57, I switch the Com radio to the tower frequency for the final leg. The AP is switched to APR(approach) mode, I request the passenger to buckle their safety belt, we will fly thru the clouds layer and they will be a little bit shaked. In addition, we still have no visual contact and I want to avoid any panic movement. Landing lights to “ON” , the ILS indicator shows me I am on the left of the runway but my current heading (055) brings me back on track. I am now 16 Nm to the runway and still blind but I know from the instruments that I am safe. 10 Nm to the runway, gear down, propeller pitch to min, I set the speed to 100 kts using the throttle levers.
8 Nm to the runway, the island shore shows up and the ILS needle, heading and slope, are both in the center of the indicator; we begin the final descent.
At 7 Nm, the runway lights show up thru the rain, 5 Nm left, flaps 10°, speed 80 kts, I am inside a cloud again only 500 ft above the water and the winds drives us up and down. I give some more power to reduce the descent speed when, at 1.7 Nm, the runway appears. The slope guide lights (Papi) are almost good (3 white one red meaning I am a bit too high), I turn the AP off and bring Jojo to the surface like a dragon fly, It is 12:11. The weather is crazy, raining cats and dogs but the flight went right. The passengers sure were a bit feared for the landing but they kept quiet and despite the rain, they were glad to get out of that flying monster in which for a moment, they thought they would die.
Thanks to Eric Dantès and his team for developing "Jojo" FS model
Copyright P. Acheffe 2006